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Types of Attack Vectors

Published on Dec 22 2022


To sneak into a company's system, cybercriminals must first find a way in, and this route is known as an attack vector or
No-Code Attack Vector. Attackers use multiple pathways to bypass security measures. As a result, it is essential to comprehend how they gain access to forestall such attacks.  

Attack vectors can be either discreet, as in the attacks where attackers surveillance and snoop around for the proper opportunity, or implicit and direct, as in malware attacks. 

 Knowing what a no-code vector attack is, how it works, and the most prevalent type is demonstrated in this article. 

What is Attack Vector? 

An attack vector is a way for cybercriminals to access a network or device without authorization to exploit security holes. Attackers typically employ a variety of attack vectors, including malware and viruses, dangerous email attachments and hyperlinks, pop-up windows, and instant messages, to launch cyberattacks and exploit system flaws. Those activities might result in a data breach or the theft of access credentials. There are two main categories of those attacks:  

Passive Attack Vector 

Cybercriminals try to access the system through flaws in a passive vector attack without affecting system resources. As a result, passive attacks are challenging to identify.  Passive vector attacks include sniffing or traffic analysis, eavesdropping, and supervision. 

Active Attack Vector 

On the other hand, active attack vectors aim to change the system, damage its resources, or stop it from performing its normal functions. Malware, mail spoofing, man-in-the-middle attacks, domain hijacking, and ransomware are the most prevalent active attacks. 

Common Types of Attack Vectors 

There are many different attack vectors, and cybercriminals use various techniques to target individuals and companies of different sizes from every business sector at every level of the corporate hierarchy. Below is a list of some of the most typical threat vectors: 

Compromised Credentials 

Since username and password access credentials are the most common, cybercriminals prefer targeting them. Access credentials that have been compromised or exposed make it possible for an attacker to enter the system undetected because they work to circumvent perimeter security. 

The level of the privilege granted to the exposed accounts determines how severe the attack will be. The most common kind of attack involves phishing, in which users click a malicious link or enter their username and password on a fake website. Therefore, the best practice is to prevent password sharing, use strong passwords with two-factor authorization, and educate the staff on detecting attacks. 

Malware 

Ransomware, spyware, trojans, and viruses are all examples of malware, which is any harmful software capable of causing damage to the system. The attack must be initiated by a trigger action, such as downloading or opening it. Security software like firewalls and antiviruses, which can identify and stop malware, is the best way to prevent such attacks. 

Phishing 

Phishing, a deceitful attack that targets users via email, short message service (SMS), or telephone, is the most prevalent form of social engineering. To trick the user into providing sensitive data, login credentials, or personally identifiable information, the attacker impersonates a trusted colleague or institution. 

It is crucial to keep your staff alert and knowledgeable about phishing frauds because trained staff can recognize fraud emails and suspicious links. Additionally, tracking user and device web browsing and email click-through behaviour offers useful risk insights. 

Insider Threats 

These attacks are often unintentional, as cybercriminals gain access to the company’s system by using an employee’s unintentionally exposed credentials. The most damaging attack happens when maliciously leaked credentials come from unhappy or disgruntled workers, particularly those with access to sensitive data. Such incidents could be avoided by getting to know those employees and monitoring their actions and accounts. 

Missing or Weak Encryption 

Data must be encrypted before being stored or transferred over networks and the internet, and only authorized users should be allowed access. Ciphertext and plaintext are frequently used in this context to describe encrypted and unencrypted data, respectively. Advanced encryption standards (AES) or Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA) encryption help raise the level of cybersecurity. 

Unpatched Applications or Servers 

Fewer vulnerabilities mean fewer attacks because cybercriminals constantly look for vulnerabilities to exploit. Due to the existing vulnerabilities, unpatched or outdated systems and software are more vulnerable to attack. As a result, regular patching and system updates will keep intruders out. 

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) 

DDoS is an attack that targets the system server or website and floods it with too many messages, slowing it down or even causing it to crash, leaving it open to cybercriminals. Firewalls can filter traffic to reduce the risk of DDoS attacks. 

Conclusion 

Keeping operations running smoothly and avoiding massive losses necessitates taking all essential precautions to protect the business from cybercriminals and data breaches. Defending against a vector attack necessitates understanding the attacker’s methodology 

Assessing the business and listing its weak points while keeping vector attacks in mind can help develop a defence mechanism against cybercriminals. 

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